Forestry describes the management of forest land including associated water bodies and wasteland. Forest clearing and the replanting of trees are the primary activities of forestry. The main objective of forestry is to maintain a continuous supply of wood through carefully planned harvesting and replacement.
In terms of climate change and nature conservation, forestry makes an enormous contribution: not only are forests home to 80% of the world’s terrestrial biodiversity, they are also one of the most important carbon sinks, absorbing carbon dioxide from the atmosphere and releasing oxygen. They also contribute to natural water quality and reduce erosion.
By restoring 350 million hectares of degraded land in accordance with the “Bonn Challenge”, up to 1.7 gigatonnes of carbon dioxide equivalent could be bound annually.